For information on the Sunshine Ordinance, go here.









SECTION 2.20.010 Findings and Purpose. 

 The Oakland City Council finds and declares: 

(A) A government's duty is to serve the public and in reaching its decisions to accommodate those who wish to obtain information about or participate in the process. 

(B) Commissions, boards, councils, advisory bodies and other agencies of the City exist to conduct the people's business. This Ordinance is intended to assure that their deliberations and that the City's operations are open to the public. 

(C) This Ordinance is intended in part to clarify and supplement the Ralph M. Brown Act and the California Public Records Act to assure that the people of the City of Oakland can be fully informed and thereby retain control over the instruments of local government in their city. 

SECTION 2.20.020 Citation. 

 This Ordinance may be cited as the Oakland Sunshine Ordinance. 


SECTION 2.20.030 Definitions.  Words or phrases in this ordinance shall be defined pursuant to the Ralph M. Brown Act, Government Code section 54950 et. seq. and the Public Records Act, Government section 6250 et. seq., unless otherwise specified as follows: 

 (A) "Agenda" shall mean the agenda of a local body which has scheduled the meeting. The agenda shall meet the requirements of Government Code Section 54954.2, except that the timing requirements of this ordinance shall control. For closed sessions, the agenda shall meet the requirements set forth in Government Code Section 54954.5. The agenda shall contain a brief, general description of each item of business to be transacted or discussed during the meeting and shall avoid the use of abbreviations or acronyms not in common usage and terms whose meaning is not known to the general public. The agenda may refer to explanatory documents, including but not limited to, correspondence or reports, in the agenda related material. A description of an item on the agenda is adequate if it is sufficiently clear and specific to alert a person of average intelligence and education whose interests are affected by the item that he or she may have reason to attend the meeting or seek more information on the item. 

 (B) "Agenda Related Materials" shall mean the agenda, all reports, correspondence and any other document prepared and forwarded by staff to any local body, and other documents forwarded to the local body, which provide background information or recommendations concerning the subject matter of any agenda item. Notwithstanding the foregoing, agenda related materials shall not include: 1) the written text or visual aids for any oral presentation so long as such text or aids are not substituted for, or submitted in lieu of, a written report that would otherwise be required to meet the filing deadlines of this Ordinance, and 2) written amendments or recommendations from a member of a local body 2 pertaining to an item contained in agenda related materials previously filed pursuant to Section 2.20.070 or Section 2.20.080. 

 (C) "Agenda Subscriber" shall mean any person or organization who requests in writing, on an annual basis, the receipt of an agenda or agenda related materials as specified in Section 2.20.090 of this ordinance. 

 (D) "City" shall mean the City of Oakland. 

 (E) "Local Body" shall mean: 

 (1) the Oakland City Council, the Oakland Redevelopment Agency, and the Board of Port Commissioners; 

 (2) any board, commission, task force or committee which is established by City Charter, ordinance, or by motion or resolution of the City Council, the Oakland Redevelopment Agency or the Board of Port Commissioners; 

 (3) any advisory board, commission or task force created and appointed by the Mayor and which exists for longer than a 12-month period; and, 

 (4) any standing committee of any body specified in subsections (E)(1)(2) or (3). 

 "Local body" shall not mean any congregation or gathering which consists solely of employees of the City of Oakland, the Oakland Redevelopment Agency, or the Port of Oakland. 

(F) "Meeting" shall mean any congregation of a majority of the members of a local body at the same time and location, including teleconference location as permitted by Government Code Section 54953, to hear, discuss, deliberate, or take action on any item that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the local body. 

3  (1) A majority of the members of a local body shall not, outside a meeting defined in this subsection (F), use a series of communications of any kind, directly or through intermediaries, to discuss, deliberate, or take action on any item of business that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the local body. 

 (2) Subparagraph (F)(1) shall not be construed as preventing an employee or official of a local agency, from engaging in separate conversations or communications outside of a meeting defined in this subsection (F) with members of a local body in order to answer questions or provide information regarding a matter that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the local agency, if that person does not communicate to members of the local body the comments or position of any other member or members of the local body. 

 (3) Nothing in this subsection (F) shall impose the requirements of this chapter upon any of the following: 

 (a) Individual contacts or conversations between a member of a local body and any other person that do not violate subparagraphs (F)(1) and (2);  (b) The attendance of a majority of the members of a local body at a conference or similar gathering open to the public that involves a discussion of issues of general interest to the public or to public agencies of the type represented by the local body, provided that a majority of the members do not discuss among themselves, other than as part of the scheduled program, business of a specified nature that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the local agency. Nothing in this paragraph is intended to allow members of the public free admission to a conference or similar gathering at which the organizers have required other participants or registrants to pay fees or charges as a condition of attendance; (c) The attendance of a majority of the members of a local body at an open and publicized meeting organized to address a topic of local community concern by a person or organization other than the local agency, provided that a majority of the members do not discuss among themselves, other than as part of the scheduled program, business of a specific nature that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the local body of the local agency; (d) The attendance of a majority of the members of a local body at an open and noticed meeting of another local body of the local agency, or at an open and noticed meeting of a legislative body of another local agency, provided that a majority of the members do not discuss among themselves, other than as part of the scheduled meeting, business of a specific nature that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the local body of the local agency;  (e) The attendance of a majority of the members of a local body at a purely social or ceremonial occasion, provided that a majority of the members do not discuss among themselves business of a specific nature that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the local body of the local agency; or  (f) The attendance of a majority of the members of a local body at an open and noticed meeting of a standing committee of that body, provided that the members of the local body who are not members of the standing committee attend only as observers. 

"Meeting" shall also mean a meal or social gathering of a majority of the members of a local body immediately before, during or after a meeting of a local body. 

(G) "Notice" shall mean the posting of an agenda in a location that is freely accessible to the public 24 hours a day and as additionally specified in Section 2.20.070 and 2.20.080. 

 (H) "On-Line" shall mean accessible by computer without charge to the user. 

 (I) “Software or Hardware Impairment" means the City is unable to utilize computer software, hardware and/or network services to produce agendas, agenda related material or to post agendas on-line due to inoperability of software or hardware caused by the introduction of a malicious program (including but not limited to a computer virus), electrical outage affecting the City's computer network, or unanticipated system or equipment failure. "Software or Hardware Impairment" may also include situations when the city is unable to access the internet due to required or necessary maintenance or the installation of system upgrades that necessitate de-activating the system network; however, the City shall make reasonable efforts to avoid a delay in the preparation , distribution, or posting of agendas and agenda related material as a result of required or necessary maintenance or installation of system upgrades. 

 (J) "Standing Committee" shall mean any number of members of a local body which totals less than a quorum and which has a continuing subject matter jurisdiction or a meeting schedule fixed by charter, ordinance, resolution or formal action of the local body. 

SECTION 2.20.040 Conduct of Meetings for Additional Bodies Covered by the Ordinance. 

 (A) To the extent not inconsistent with state or federal law, a local body shall require, as a condition of any express delegation of power to any public agency, including joint powers authorities, or other person(s), whether such delegation of power is achieved by legislative act, contract, lease or other agreement, that any meeting by such a public agency or other person(s) at which an item concerning or subject to the delegated power is discussed or considered, shall be conducted pursuant to the Ralph M. Brown Act (Government Code Section 54950 et seq.). 

(B) To the extent not inconsistent with state or federal law, a private entity that owns, operates or manages any property in which the City, Redevelopment Agency, or the Port Department has or will have an ownership interest, including a mortgage, and on which property the private entity performs a governmental function or service, shall conduct any meeting of its governing board at which an item relating to the administration of the property or the public function or service is discussed or considered subject to the following conditions: 

(1) Such meetings need not be formally noticed, although the time, place and nature of the gathering shall be disclosed upon inquiry by a member of the public, and any agenda actually prepared for the meeting be made available upon request; 

(2) Such meetings need not be conducted in any particular location to accommodate spectators, although spectators shall be permitted to observe on a space available basis consistent with legal and practical restrictions on occupancy; 

(3) Such business meetings need not provide opportunities for comment by spectators, although the governing board may, in its discretion, entertain questions or comments from spectators as may be relevant to the item considered; and, 

 (4) The private entity or persons may restrict the attendance of spectators only to the specific item(s) directly relating to the administration of the property or of the public function or service and, as to such specific item(s), may prohibit the attendance of spectators during the discussion or consideration of any item that would be the permitted subject of a closed session hearing under the Ralph M. Brown Act. 

SECTION 2.20.050 Meetings To Be Open And Public: Application Of Brown Act. 

 All meetings of local bodies specified in Sections 2.20.030(E) and Section 2.20.040(A) shall be open and public, to the same extent as if that body were governed by the provisions of the Ralph M. Brown Act (Government Code Sections 54950 et seq.) unless 

greater public access is required by this ordinance, in which case this ordinance shall be 


SECTION 2.20.060 Conduct of Business: Time And Place For Meetings. 

(A) Every local body specified in Section 2.20.030(E) shall establish by formal 

action the time and place for holding regular meetings and shall conduct such regular 

meetings in accordance with such resolution or formal action. Whenever reasonably 

possible local bodies specified in Section 2.20.030(E)(1) and (2) shall conduct their regular 

meetings on weekday evenings. 

(B) Regular and special meetings of legislative bodies specified in Section 

2.20.030(E) shall be held within the City of Oakland except to do any of the following: 

 (1) Comply with state or federal law or court order, or attend a judicial or 

administrative proceeding to which the local body is a party; 

 (2) Inspect real or personal property which cannot be conveniently brought 

to Oakland, provided that the topic of the meeting is limited to items directly related to the 

real or personal property; 

 (3) Participate in meetings or discussions of multi-agency significance that 

are outside Oakland. However, any meeting or discussion held pursuant to this subsection 

shall take place within the jurisdiction of one of the participating agencies and be noticed by 

the respective local body specified in this ordinance; or 

8  (4) Meet outside the City of Oakland with elected or appointed officials of 

the United States or the State of California when a local meeting would be impractical, 

solely to discuss a legislative or regulatory issue affecting the City of Oakland, the Oakland 

Redevelopment Agency or the Port of Oakland, and over which issue the other federal or 

state agency has jurisdiction. 

(C) If a regular meeting for any local body falls on a holiday, the meeting shall be 

held on the next scheduled regular meeting day unless otherwise noticed as a special 

meeting for which notice is given at least five (5) days in advance. 

(D) If, because of fire, flood, earthquake or other emergency, it would be unsafe to 

meet in the customary location, the meetings may be held for the duration of the emergency 

at some other place specified by the presiding officer of the local body or his or her 

designee. The change of meeting site shall be announced, by the most rapid means of 

communication available at the time, in a notice to media organizations who have requested 

written notice of meetings. 

(E) No local body shall take any action at a meeting which occurs when a quorum 

of the local body becomes present at a meeting of a standing or ad hoc committee of the 

local body, although the committee may take action consistent with its jurisdiction and 


SECTION 2.20.070 Notice And Agenda Requirements: Special Meetings.

 (A) Special meetings of any local body may be called at any time by the presiding 

officer thereof or by a majority of the members thereof. All local bodies calling a special 

meeting shall provide notice by: 

9  (1) posting a copy of the agenda in a location freely accessible to the public 

at least 48 hours (excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays) before the time of the 

meeting set forth in the agenda; 

 (2) filing a copy of the agenda and copies of all agenda-related material in 

the Office of the City Clerk at least 48 hours (excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays) 

before the time of the meeting set forth in the agenda; and, 

 (3) delivering a copy of the agenda to each member of the local body, to 

each local newspaper of general circulation, to each agenda subscriber, and to each media 

organization which has previously requested notice in writing, so that a copy of the agenda 

is received at least 48 hours (excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays) before the time 

of the meeting set forth in the agenda. Receipt of the agenda shall be presumed upon 

reasonable proof that delivery was made. 

 (B) Local bodies specified in Section 2.20.030(E)(1) shall, in addition to the 

noticing requirements of this section, post a copy of the agenda for any special meeting online at the local body's website at least 48 hours (excluding Saturdays, Sundays and 

holidays) before the time of the meeting set forth in the agenda. Failure to timely post a 

copy of the agenda online because of software or hardware impairment, as defined in 

Section 2.20.030, shall not constitute a defect in the notice for a special meeting if the local 

body complies with all other posting and noticing requirements. 

 (C) Notwithstanding the requirements of 2.20.070(A) and (B), if a special meeting 

is called for a Monday, notice shall be deemed timely made if the filing, posting and 

distribution requirements of subsections (A) and (B) are made no later than 12:00 p.m. 

(noon) on the preceding Friday. 

10  (D) No business other than that set forth in the agenda shall be considered at a 

special meeting. Each special meeting shall be held at the regular meeting place of the 

local body except that the local body may designate an alternative meeting location 

provided that such alternative location is specified in the agenda and that the notice 

pursuant to this Section is given at least ten (10) days prior to the special meeting. This ten 

(10) day notice requirement shall not apply if the alternative location is within the same 

building at which regular meetings of the local body occur. 

 (E) To the extent practicable, the presiding officer or the majority of members of 

any local body may cancel a special meeting by delivering notice of cancellation in the same 

manner and to the same persons as required for the notice of such meeting. 

 (F) Special meetings may not be noticed on the same day as a previously 

scheduled regular meeting that was not noticed in compliance with this ordinance if the 

special meeting is called to consider any of the items that were included in the notice for 

such regular meeting.

SECTION 2.20.080 Notice and Agenda Requirements: Regular Meetings. 

 (A) Ten Day Advance Notice Requirement For Regular Meetings Of The City 

Council, Redevelopment Agency, Board of Port Commissioners, Public Ethics Commission, 

And Their Standing Committees. The City Council, Redevelopment Agency, Board of Port 

Commissioners, Public Ethics Commission, and any of their standing committees shall 

provide notice before any regular meeting by: 

 (1) posting a copy of the agenda in a location freely accessible to the 

public 24 hours a day no later than ten (10) days before the date of the meeting; 

11  (2) filing a copy of the agenda and all agenda-related material with the 

Office of the City Clerk and the Oakland main library no later than ten (10) days before the 

date of the meeting; and, 

 (3) posting a copy of the agenda on-line at the local body's website no 

later than ten (10) days before the date of the meeting. Notwithstanding Section 

2.20.080(D), the failure to timely post a copy of the agenda online because of software or 

hardware impairment, as defined in Section 2.20.030, shall not constitute a defect in the 

notice for a regular meeting, if the local body complies with all other posting and noticing 


 (B) Supplemental Agenda And Related Materials Requirements For Regular 

Meetings Of The City Council, Redevelopment Agency, Board of Port Commissioners, 

Public Ethics Commission, And Their Standing Committees. Notwithstanding the notice 

provisions of 2.20.080(A), the City Council, Redevelopment Agency, Board of Port 

Commissioners, Public Ethics Commission, and any of their standing committees, may 

amend or supplement a posted agenda or agenda-related materials no later than 72 hours 

before a regular meeting and only for the following reasons or under the following 


 (1) to add an item due to an emergency or urgency, provided the local 

body makes the same findings as required by Section 2.20.080(E) before taking action; 

 (2) to delete or withdraw any item from a posted agenda however, nothing 

herein shall limit the ability of a local body to delete or withdraw an item during the meeting 

as long as the local body permits members of the public to address the deleted or withdrawn 


12  (3) to provide additional information to supplement the agenda-related 

material previously filed with the Office of the City Clerk provided that the additional 

information was not known to the Mayor of [or] staff or considered to be relevant at the time 

the agenda-related materials were filed. Examples of supplemental material permitted by 

this section are reports responding to questions or requests raised by members of a local 

body after posting and filing of the ten-day agenda and materials, and analyses or opinions 

of the item by the Office of the City Attorney, City Auditor, or any member of the City 


 (4) to correct errors or omissions, or to change a stated financial amount 

or to clarify or conform the agenda title to accurately reflect the nature of the action to be 

taken on the agenda item; 

 (5) to consider the recommendations, referrals, minutes, modifications of 

or actions taken on any item heard by a standing committee of the City Council, 

Redevelopment Agency, Board of Port Commissioners, and Public Ethics Commission 

provided that the item has not been materially changed after the committee considered the 


 (6) to place an ordinance on the agenda pursuant to Oakland City 

Charter Section 216 because the Mayor has caused its reconsideration by the City Council 

under the Mayor's power to suspend an ordinance receiving five votes; or, 

 (7) to place an item on the agenda to allow the Mayor to cast a vote 

pursuant to Oakland City Charter Section 200; or 

 (8) to continue an agendized item to the next regular meeting of the local 

body so long as members of the public are given an opportunity to address the local body 

on the item at the meeting from which the item is continued. 

13  (C) Seventy-two Hour Advance Notice Requirement For Regular Meetings Of All 

Local Bodies Other Than The City Council, Redevelopment Agency, Board of Port 

Commissioners, Public Ethics Commission, And Their Standing Committees. Any local 

body specified in Section 2.20.030(E)(2),(3), and (4), with the exception of standing 

committees of the City Council, Redevelopment Agency, Board of Port Commissioners, and 

Public Ethics Commission, shall provide notice for any regular meeting in compliance with 

the Ralph M. Brown Act and shall also file a copy of the agenda and all agenda-related 

material with the Office of the City Clerk at least 72 hours before the time of any regular 


 (D) Excuse Of Sunshine Notice Requirements. If an item appears on an agenda 

but the local body fails to meet any of the additional notice requirements under this section, 

the local body may take action only if: 

 (1) The minimum notice requirements of the Brown Act have been met; 


 (2) The local body, by a two-thirds vote of those members present, adopts 

a motion determining that, upon consideration of the facts and circumstances, it was not 

reasonably possible to meet the additional notice requirements under this section and any 

one of the following exists: 

 (a) the need to take immediate action on the item is required to 

avoid a substantial adverse impact that would occur if the action were deferred to a 

subsequent special or regular meeting; 

 (b) there is a need to take immediate action which relates to 

federal or state legislation or the local body's eligibility for any grant or gift; or, 

 (c) the item relates to a purely ceremonial or commendatory action. 

14 Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, the City Council, Redevelopment Agency, 

Board of Port Commissioners or the Public Ethics Commission may excuse, by a two-thirds 

vote of those members present, any of the additional notice requirements imposed by 

Section 2.20.080 so long as the failure to meet any additional notice requirement was due to 

a software or hardware impairment as defined by Section 2.20.030(l) and such additional 

notice requirements are satisfied no later than eight days before the date of the meeting. 

 (E) Action On Items Not Appearing On The Agenda. Notwithstanding subsection 

(D) of this section, a local body may take action on items not appearing on a posted agenda 

only if: 

 (1) The Matter Is An Emergency. Upon a determination by a majority 

vote of the local body that a work stoppage, crippling disaster or other activity exists which 

severely impairs public health, safety or both; or, 

 (2) The Matter Is Urgent. Upon a determination by a two-thirds vote by 

the members of the local body present at the meeting, or, if less than two-thirds of the 

members are present, a unanimous vote of those present, that there is a need to take 

immediate action which came to the attention of the local body after the agenda was posted, 

and that the need to take immediate action: 

 (a) is required to avoid a substantial adverse impact that would 

occur if the action were deferred to a subsequent special or regular meeting; 

 (b) relates to federal or state legislation; or, 

 (c) relates to a purely ceremonial or commendatory action. 

 (F) Nothing in this section shall prohibit a local body from taking action to 

schedule items for a future meeting to which regular or special meeting notice requirements 

15 will apply, or to distribute agenda-related materials relating to items added pursuant to 

2.20.080(E) before or during a meeting. 

 (G) Nothing in this section shall prohibit the Office of the City Attorney from 

conforming a document to comply with technical requirements as to form and legality. 

 (H) The Mayor, City Administrator and City Attorney in their capacities with the 

City and Redevelopment Agency must submit public agenda related materials to the City 

Clerk in sufficient time to meet the deadlines of this section and 2.20.070. However, the 

referenced officers may submit additional documents to the legislative body and the 

legislative body may accept the documents if the legislative body makes a finding by twothirds vote of the members present that the additional information in the documents was not 

known to the officers or considered to be relevant by the officers at the time of the filing 

deadlines. Copies of such documents shall be made available to the public at the related 

meeting. This subsection shall not apply to the City Auditor, and the City Council may 

consider reports from the City Auditor that are presented to the Council after the deadlines 

specified in this Ordinance. Nothing in this section or in any other provision of this 

Ordinance shall be interpreted to require that the Mayor, City Administrator or City Attorney 

submit to the City Clerk any documents that are not public records. 

SECTION 2.20.090 Agenda Related Materials As Public Records; Agenda 


 In addition to providing access to all records which are public records pursuant to the 

California Public Records Act (Government Code 6250 et seq.) and this ordinance, every 

local body specified in Section 2.20.030(E) shall make available for immediate public 

inspection and copying all agendas and agenda related materials. 

16  (A) Every local body may charge a fee to agenda subscribers and media 

organizations to cover reasonable mailing costs of the agenda and agenda related 

materials. Neither this section nor the California Public Records Act shall be construed to 

limit or delay the public's right to inspect any record required to be disclosed by that act or 

this ordinance. 

 (B) Every local body shall make available for immediate public inspection and 

copying all documents that have been distributed to a majority of its members. The right to 

immediate public inspection and copying provided in this section shall not include any 

material exempt from public disclosure under this ordinance or under state or federal law. 

 (C) All requests by agenda subscribers to receive agendas or agenda-related 

materials by mail shall be made in writing and delivered to the Office of the City Clerk or, in 

the case of the Board of Port Commissioners, to the Secretary of the Board. The City Clerk 

shall maintain a list of all local bodies and shall immediately forward a copy of the written 

request to the appropriate local body to ensure compliance with the request. Any written 

request shall be valid for the calendar year in which it is filed, and must be renewed after 

January 1 of each year. 

(D) Notwithstanding any other provision of this ordinance, the failure of an agenda 

subscriber to timely receive the agenda or agenda related material pursuant to this section 

shall not constitute grounds for invalidation of the actions of the local body taken at the 

meeting for which the agenda or the agenda related material was not timely received. 

SECTION 2.20.100 Agenda And Oral Disclosures: Closed Sessions. 

(A) In addition to the brief general description of agenda items to be discussed or 

acted upon in open session, the permissive provisions of Government Code Section 

54954.5 are mandatory under this ordinance with respect to any closed session item. 

17  (B) Any action taken without proper agenda disclosure pursuant to this section is 

subject to invalidation pursuant to the provisions of Government Code Section 54960.1. 

SECTION 2.20.110 Statement of Reasons For Closed Sessions. 

 (A) Prior to any closed session, a local body shall announce in open session the 

general reason or reasons for the closed session, and must cite and explain the statutory or 

case authority under which the session is being closed. 

 (B) In the case of an item added to the agenda pursuant to Government Code 

Section 54954.2(b) or Section 2.20.080(E) herein, the statement shall be made in open 

session concurrent with the findings required pursuant to that section. 

 (C) A local body shall re-state the reasons for closed session before convening a 

closed session at any meeting and as to any item that has been adjourned or continued 

from a prior meeting. 

 (D) The public shall have the right to comment on any item of closed session 

before the closed session convenes.

 (E) Nothing in this section shall require or authorize a disclosure of information 

that is confidential under law. 

SECTION 2.20.120 Conduct Of Closed Session

 (A) A local body shall consider in closed session only those matters specified in 

the statement required in Section 2.20.110. 

 (B) After any initial closed session to consider the sale, lease, gift, purchase, or 

exchange of any property to which the City, Redevelopment Agency, or Port of Oakland has 

or will have an ownership or possessory interest, such local bodies shall notice for open 

session a discussion of the advisability of taking such an action before a final action is taken 

in the matter. This requirement shall not apply if the local body adopts a finding that holding 

18 an open session discussion would prejudice the local body in the proposed proceeding or 


 (C) With respect to any closed session discussion pertaining to employee salaries 

and benefits, a local body shall not discuss compensation or other contractual matters with 

one or more employees having a direct interest in the outcome of the negotiations. 

 (D) The following provisions of the Brown Act apply to the conduct of closed 

session by local bodies and are hereby incorporated by reference as though fully set forth 

herein: Government Code Sections 54956.8; 54956.9; 54957; and 54957.6. 

 (E) The Offices of the City Attorney, the City Clerk, and the Public Ethics 

Commission shall provide any person with a copy of the Brown Act or Public Records Act 

without charge. 

SECTION 2.20.130 Disclosure of Closed Session Discussions and Actions. 

 (A) After every closed session, in addition to the required disclosures pursuant to 

Government Code Section 54957.1, a local body shall reconvene into open session prior to 

adjournment and shall disclose publicly all portions of its discussion which are not 

confidential. The local body may, by motion and vote in open session, elect to disclose any 

other information which a majority deems to be in the public interest. Any disclosure 

pursuant to this section shall be made through the presiding officer or such other person, 

present in the closed session, designated to convey the information. 

 (B) Immediately following the closed session a local body shall publicly report any 

action taken in closed session and the vote or abstention of every member present thereon, 

as follows: 

(1) Real Property Negotiations: Approval of an agreement concerning real 

estate negotiations pursuant to Government Code Section 54956.8 shall be reported as 

19 soon as the agreement is final. If its own approval renders the agreement final, the local 

body shall report that approval, the substance of the agreement and the vote thereon in 

open session immediately. If final approval requires action from another party to the 

negotiations, the local body shall disclose the fact of its approval, the substance of the 

agreement and the body's vote or votes thereon upon inquiry by any person, and, in any 

event, at the next meeting of said local body after the other party or its agent has informed 

the local body of its action. If notwithstanding the final approval there are conditions 

precedent to the final consummation of the transaction, or if there are multiple contiguous or 

closely located properties that are being considered for transfer, the report specified in this 

section need not be made until the condition has been satisfied or an agreement has been 

reached with respect to all the properties, or both. 

(2) Litigation: Direction or approval given to the local body's legal counsel 

to prosecute, defend, seek or refrain from seeking appellate review or relief, or to otherwise 

enter as a party, intervenor or amicus curiae in any form of litigation as the result of a 

consultation under Government Code Section 54956.9 shall be reported in open session as 

soon as given, or at the first meeting after an adverse party has been served in the matter if 

immediate disclosure of the local body's intentions would not be contrary to the public 

interest. The report shall identify the names and capacities of all parties to the litigation, the 

court of jurisdiction and case number, the type of case, any existing claim or order to be 

defended against, or any factual circumstances or contractual dispute giving rise to the 


(3) Settlement: If a local body accepts a settlement offer signed by an 

opposing party, the local body shall report its vote of approval and identify the substance of 

the agreement. If final approval rests with another part or with the court, the local body shall 

20 disclose its vote of approval and the substance of the agreement to any person upon inquiry 

as soon as the settlement becomes final, but in no case later than the next meeting 

following final approval of settlement. A local body shall neither solicit nor agree to any term 

in a settlement agreement which would preclude the release, upon request, of the text of the 

settlement agreement itself and any related documentation communicated to or received 

from the adverse party or parties. Where the disclosure of documents in settled litigation 

could affect litigation on a closely related case, the report, settlement agreement and any 

documents described in this section need not be disclosed until the closely related case is 

settled or otherwise finally concluded. 

(C) Reports required to be made pursuant to this section may be made orally or in 

writing. Copies of any contracts, settlement agreements, or other documents related to the 

items or transactions that were finally approved or adopted in closed session and which 

contain the information required to be disclosed under this section shall be made available 

for inspection and copying, upon request, at the time the report is made or after any 

substantive amendments have been retyped into the document. 

(D) A written summary of the information required to be reported immediately 

pursuant to this section, or documents containing that information, shall be made available 

for inspection and copying by the close of business on the next business day following the 

meeting. Written notice that such a written summary or supporting documentation is 

available as to every reported document shall be posted the next business day following the 

meeting in the place where the meeting agendas of the local body are usually posted. 

(E) Action taken in closed session which is not immediately disclosable under this 

section shall be disclosed and noticed under the procedures set forth in Section 2.20.130(D) 

at such time as disclosure is required. 

21 SECTION 2.20.140 Barriers to Attendance Prohibited. 

(A) No local body specified in this ordinance shall conduct any meeting, 

conference or other function in any facility which is inaccessible to persons with physical 

disabilities, or where members of the public may not be present without making a payment 

or purchase. Whenever a local body anticipates that the number of persons attending the 

meeting may exceed the legal capacity of the room, a public address system shall be used 

to permit the overflow audience to listen to the proceedings, unless the speakers would 

disrupt the operation of a local agency office. 

(B) Any person attending an open meeting of a local body shall have the right to 

record, photograph or broadcast the proceedings unless such activities constitute a 

persistent disruption of the proceedings. 

SECTION 2.20.150 Public Testimony At Regular And Special Meetings. 

(A) Every agenda for every regular or special meeting shall provide an opportunity 

for members of the public to directly address a local body on items of interest to the public 

that are within the local body's subject matter jurisdiction, provided that no action shall be 

taken on any item not appearing on the agenda unless the action is otherwise authorized by 

Government Code Section 54954.2(b). The agenda of local bodies need not provide an 

opportunity for members of the public to address the local body on any item that has already 

been considered by a committee, composed exclusively of members of the local body, at a 

meeting in which members of the public were afforded the opportunity to address the 

committee before or during the committee’s consideration of the item, unless the item has 

been substantially changed since the committee heard the item, as determined by the local 


22 (B) Every agenda for regular or special meetings at which action is proposed to be 

taken on an item shall provide an opportunity for each member of the public to directly 

address the body concerning that item before taking action. The presiding officer of any 

local body may request speakers representing similar views to designate a spokesperson in 

the interest of time. Nothing shall prohibit a local body from adopting rules for allocating 

additional time to a speaker who desires to speak on multiple agenda items so that the 

speaker shall address all items at one time before the local body's consideration of those 


(C) Every local body shall adopt a rule providing that each person wishing to 

speak on an item shall be permitted to speak once based upon previously adopted time 

constraints which are reasonable and uniformly applied. It shall be the policy of the City that 

all speakers be entitled to a minimum of two (2) minutes of speaking time per agenda item, 

subject to the discretion of the presiding officer of the local body. The presiding officer shall 

announce publicly all reasons justifying any reduction in speaker time. The stated reasons 

shall be based at least on a consideration of the time allocated or anticipated for the 

meeting, the number and complexity of agenda items, and the number of persons wishing to 

address the local body. 

(D) No local body shall abridge or prohibit public criticism of the policies, 

procedures, programs or services of the local body or agency, or of any other aspect of its 

proposals or activities, or of the acts or omissions of the local body, even if the criticism 

implicates the performance of one or more public employees. Nothing in this subsection 

shall confer any privilege or protection beyond that which is otherwise provided by law. 

SECTION 2.20.160 Minutes and Recordings. 

23  (A) All local bodies specified in Section 2.20.030 (E)(1) and (2) and their standing 

committees shall record the minutes for each regular and special meeting convened under 

the provisions of this ordinance. At a minimum, the minutes shall state the time the meeting 

was called to order, the names of the members attending the meeting, a one-sentence 

summary of, and the roll call vote on, each matter considered at the meeting, the time the 

local body began and ended any closed session, those members of the public who spoke 

on each matter if the speakers identified themselves, and the time the meeting was 

adjourned. The draft minutes of each meeting shall be available for inspection and copying 

upon request no later than ten business days after the meeting. The officially adopted 

minutes shall be available for inspection and copying upon request no later than five 

business days after the meeting at which the minutes are adopted. 

 (B) Every local body specified in Section 2.20.030(E)(1) shall make a visual and 

audio recording of every open meeting. Local bodies specified in Section 2.20.030(E)(2) 

and (4) shall audio tape each regular and special open meeting and may make a visual 

recording of any meeting. Any recording of any open meeting shall be a public record 

subject to inspection and copying and shall not be erased, deleted or destroyed for at least 

four years, provided that if during that four-year period a written request for inspection or 

copying of any recording is made, the recording shall not be erased, deleted or destroyed 

until the requested inspection or copying has been accomplished. Inspection of any such 

recording shall be provided without charge on a player or computer made available by the 

local body. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, every local body specified in Section 

2.20.030(E)(1) shall permanently maintain all recordings of all meetings. 

SECTION 2.20.170 Public Comment By Members Of Local Bodies. 

24  Every member of a local body retains the rights of any citizen to comment publicly on 

the wisdom or propriety of government actions, including those of the local body of which he 

or she is a member. Local bodies shall not sanction, reprove or deprive members of their 

rights as elected or appointed officials to express their judgments or opinions, including 

those judgments or opinions pertaining to the disclosure or non-disclosure of discussions or 

actions taken in closed session. The release of specific factual information made 

confidential by state or federal law, including, but not limited to, privileged attorney-client 

communications, other than by the procedures set forth under state law or this ordinance, 

may constitute grounds for censure or for an action for injunctive or declaratory relief by the 

local body. Nothing in this section shall confer any privilege or protection for expression 

beyond that which is otherwise provided by law. 


SECTION 2.20.180 Definitions. 

 Whenever in this Article the following words or phrases are used, they shall mean: 

 (A) “Agency” shall mean an agency of the City of Oakland. 

 (B) "Department" shall mean a department of the City of Oakland or a department 

of the Port Department of the City of Oakland. 

 (C) "Public information" shall mean the content of "public records" as defined in 

the California Public Records Act (Government Code Section 6250 et seq) whether 

contained in public records or in oral communications. 

SECTION 2.20.190 Release of Documentary Public Information. 

 Release of public records by a local body or by any agency or department, whether 

for inspection of the original or by providing a copy, shall be governed by the California 

Public Records Act (Government Code Section 6250 et seq.) in any particulars not 

25 addressed by this Article. The provisions of Government Code Section 6253.9 are 

incorporated herein by reference. 

SECTION 2.20.200 Release of Oral Public Information. 

 Release of oral public information shall be accomplished as follows: 

 (A) Every Agency director for the City and Redevelopment Agency, and 

department head for the Port shall designate a person or persons knowledgeable about the 

affairs of the respective agency or department, to facilitate the inspection and copying of 

public records and to provide oral public information about agency or department 

operations, plans, policies, and positions. The name of every person so designated under 

this section shall be filed with the City Clerk and posted online. 

(B) It shall be the duty of every designated person or persons to provide 

information on a timely and responsive basis to those members of the public who are not 

requesting information from a specific person. It shall also be the duty of the person or 

persons so designated to assist members of the public in identifying those public records 

they wish to obtain pursuant to Government Code Section 6253.1. This section shall not be 

interpreted to curtail existing informal contacts between employees and members of the 

public when these contacts are occasional, acceptable to the employee and the department, 

not disruptive of his or her operational duties and confined to accurate information not 

confidential by law. 

(C) Public employees shall not be discouraged from or disciplined for the 

expression of their personal opinions on any matter of public concern while not on duty, so 

long as the opinion is not represented as that of the agency or department and does not 

materially misrepresent the agency or department position. Nothing in this section shall be 

26 construed to provide rights to public employees beyond those recognized by law or 

agreement, or to create any new private cause of action or defense to disciplinary action. 

SECTION 2.20.210 Public Review File--Policy Body Communications.

Every local body specified in Section 2.20.030(E)(1) shall maintain a communications 

file, organized chronologically and accessible to any person during normal business hours, 

containing a copy of any letter, memorandum or other writing which the clerk or secretary of 

such local body has distributed to, or sent on behalf of, a quorum of the local body 

concerning a matter that has been placed on the local body's agenda within the previous 

thirty days or is scheduled or requested to be placed on the agenda within the next thirty 

days. Excepted from the communications file shall be commercial solicitations, agenda and 

agenda-related material, periodical publications or communications exempt from disclosure 

under the California Public Records Act or this ordinance. Multiple-page reports, studies or 

analyses which are accompanied by a letter or memorandum of transmittal need not be 

included in the communications file provided that the letter or memorandum of transmittal is 

included in the communications file. 

SECTION 2.20.220 Non-Exempt Public Information. 

 Notwithstanding any right or duty to withhold certain information under the California 

Public Records Act or other law, the following shall govern specific types of requests for 

documents and information: 

(A) Drafts and Memoranda. No completed preliminary drafts or memoranda shall 

be exempt from disclosure under Government Code Section 6254(a) if said completed 

preliminary draft or memorandum has been retained in the ordinary course of business or 

pursuant to law or agency or department policy. Completed preliminary drafts and 

memoranda concerning contracts, memoranda of understanding or other matters subject to 

27 negotiation and pending a local body's approval need not be subject to disclosure until final 

action has been taken. 

 (B) Litigation Material. Unless otherwise privileged or made confidential by law, 

records of all communications between a local body's representatives and the adverse party 

shall be subject to public inspection and copying, including the text and terms of any 

settlement agreement, once the pending litigation has been settled or finally adjudicated. 

 (C) Personnel Information. None of the following shall be exempt from disclosure 

under Government Code Section 6254(c): 

 (1) job pool information, to the extent such information is compiled for 

reporting purposes and does not permit the identification of any particular individual. Such 

job pool information may include the following: 

(a) Sex, age and ethnic group; 

(b) Years of graduate and undergraduate study, degree(s) and 

major or discipline; 

(c) Years of employment in the private and/or public sector; 

(d) Whether currently employed in the same position for another 

public agency; 

(e) Other non-identifying particulars as to experience, credentials, 

aptitudes, training or education entered in or attached to a standard 

employment application form used for the position in question. 

(2) The professional biography or curriculum vitae of every employee who 

has provided such information to the City, Redevelopment Agency or the Board of Port 

Commissioners, excluding the home address, home telephone number, social security 

number, date of birth, and marital status of the employee. 

28 (3) The job description of every employment classification. 

(4) The exact gross salary and paid benefits available to every public 


(5) Any adopted memorandum of understanding between the City or Board 

of Port Commissioners and a recognized employee organization. 

(D) Law Enforcement Information. The Oakland Police Services Agency shall 

cooperate with all members of the public making requests for law enforcement records and 

documents under the California Public Records Act or other applicable law. Records and 

documents exempt from disclosure under the California Records Act pertaining to any 

investigation, arrest or other law enforcement activity shall be disclosed to the public to the 

full extent permitted by law after the District Attorney or court determines that a prosecution 

will not be sought against the subject involved or the statute of limitations for filing charges 

has expired, whichever occurs first. Information may be redacted from such records and 

documents and withheld if, based upon the particular facts, the public interest in 

nondisclosure clearly outweighs the public interest in disclosure. Such redacted information 

may include: 

 (a) the names of juvenile witnesses or suspects; 

 (b) personal or otherwise private information related or unrelated to 

the investigation if disclosure would constitute an unwarranted invasion of privacy; 

 (c) the identity of a confidential source; 

 (d) secret investigative techniques or procedures; 

 (e) information whose disclosure would endanger law enforcement 

personnel, a witness, or party to the investigation; or 

29  (f) information whose disclosure would endanger the successful 

completion of an investigation where the prospect of enforcement proceedings is likely. 

 (2) The Oakland Police Services Agency shall maintain a record, which 

shall be a public record and which shall be separate from the personnel records of the 

agency, which reports the number of citizen complaints against law enforcement agencies 

or officers, the number and types of cases in which discipline is imposed and the nature of 

the discipline imposed. This record shall be maintained in a format which assures that the 

names and other identifying information of individual officers involved is not disclosed 

directly or indirectly. 

 (E) Contracts, Bids and Proposals. Contracts, contract bids, responses to 

requests for proposals and all other records of communications between the City, 

Redevelopment Agency and Board of Port Commissioners and individuals or business 

entities seeking contracts shall be open to inspection and copying following the contract 

award or acceptance of a contract offer. Nothing in this provision requires the disclosure of 

a person's net worth or other proprietary financial information submitted for qualification for 

a contract until and unless that person is awarded the contract. All bidders and contractors 

shall be advised that information covered by this subdivision will be made available to the 

public upon request. 

(F) Budgets and Other Financial Information. The following shall not be exempt 

from disclosure: 

 (1) Any proposed or adopted budget for the City, Redevelopment Agency 

and the Port Department, including any of their respective agencies, departments, 

programs, projects or other categories, which have been submitted to a majority of the 

30 members of the City Council, Redevelopment Agency or Board of Port Commissioners or 

their standing committees. 

 (2) All bills, claims, invoices, vouchers or other records of payment 

obligations, as well as records of actual disbursements showing the amount paid, the payee 

and the purpose for which payment is made, other than payments for social or other 

services whose records are confidential by law. 

SECTION 2.20.230 Immediate Disclosure Request

(A) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and subject to the requirements of 

this section, a written request to inspect or obtain copies of public records that is submitted 

to any department or agency or to any local body shall be satisfied no later than three 

business days unless the requestor is advised within three business days that additional 

time is needed to determine whether: 

(1) the request seeks disclosable public records or information; 

(2) the requested records are in the possession of the agency, department 

or local body; 

(3) the requested records are stored in a location outside of the agency, 

department or local body processing the request; 

(4) the requested records likely comprise a voluminous amount of separate 

and distinct writings; 

(5) reasonably involves another agency, department or other local or state 

agency that has a substantial subject matter interest in the requested records 

and which must be consulted in connection with the request; or, 

(6) there is a need to compile data, to write programming language or a 

computer program or to construct a computer report to extract data. 

31 (B) All determinations made pursuant to Section 2.20.230(A)(1)-(6) shall be 

communicated in writing to the requestor within seven (7) days of the date of the request. In 

no event shall any disclosable records be provided for inspection or copying any later than 

fourteen (14) days after the written determination pursuant to 2.20.230(A)(1)-(6) is 

communicated to the requestor. Additional time shall not be permitted to delay a routine or 

readily answerable request. All written requests to inspect or copy documents within three 

business days must state the words "Immediate Disclosure Request" across the top of the 

first page of the request and on any envelope in which the request is transmitted. The 

written request shall also contain a telephone number, email or facsimile number whereby 

the requestor may be contacted. The provisions of Government Code Section 6253 shall 

apply to any written request that fails to state "Immediate Disclosure Request' and a number 

by which the requestor may be contacted. 

(C) An Immediate Disclosure Request is applicable only to those public records 

which have been previously distributed to the public, such as past meeting agendas and 

agenda-related materials. All Immediate Disclosure Requests shall describe the records 

sought in focused and specific language so they can be readily identified. 

(D) The person seeking the information need not state a reason for making the 

request or the use to which the information will be put. 

SECTION 2.20.240 Minimum Withholding. 

 No record shall be withheld from disclosure in its entirety unless all information 

contained in it is exempt from disclosure by law. Any redacted, deleted or segregated 

information shall be keyed by footnote or other clear reference to the appropriate 

justification for withholding. Such redaction, deletion or segregation shall be done 

personally by the attorney or other staff member conducting the exemption review. 

32 SECTION 2.20.250 Justification For Withholding. 

 Any withholding of information shall be justified, in writing, as follows: 

(A) A withholding under a permissive exemption in the California Public Records 

Act or this ordinance shall cite the legal authority and, where the exemption is based on the 

public interest in favor of not disclosing, explain in practical terms how the public interest 

would be harmed by disclosure. 

(B) A withholding on the basis that disclosure is prohibited by law shall cite the 

applicable legal authority. 

(C) A withholding on the basis that disclosure would incur civil or criminal liability 

shall cite any statutory or case law supporting that position. 

SECTION 2.20.260 Fees For Duplication. 

(A) No fee shall be charged for making public records available for inspection. 

(B) No fee shall be charged for a single copy of a current meeting agenda. 

(C) A fee may be charged for: 1) single or multiple copies of past meeting agenda 

or any agenda-related materials; 2) multiple copies of a current meeting agenda; and, 3) 

any other public record copied in response to a specific request. 

(D) The agency, department or the City may, rather than making the copies itself, 

contract at market rate to have a commercial copier produce the duplicates and charge the 

cost directly to the requester. 

(E) No charge shall be made for a single copy of a Draft or Final Environmental 

Impact Report and Environmental Impact Statement. 

(F) All fees permitted under this section shall be determined and specified in the City of 

Oakland Master Fee Schedule, as amended. 

33 (G) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted as intending to preempt any fee set 

by or in compliance with State law. 


SECTION 2.20.270 City of Oakland Public Ethics Commission.

 (A) Duties: In the implementation of this ordinance, the Public Ethics 

Commission shall: 

 (1) Advise the City Council and the Board of Port Commissioners and 

provide information to other City departments and local bodies on appropriate ways in which 

to implement this ordinance with a priority on simple, standard procedures. 

 (2) Assist in citywide training for implementing the ordinance. 

 (3) Develop and maintain an administrative process for review and 

enforcement of this ordinance, among which may include the use of mediation to resolve 

disputes arising under this ordinance. No such administrative review process shall 

preclude, delay or in any way limit a person’s remedies under the Brown Act or Public 

Records Act. 

 (4) Propose amendments to the City Council of this ordinance as needed. 

 (5) Report to the City Council on any practical or policy problems 

encountered in the administration of this ordinance. 

 (B) Enforcement. 

 (1) Upon the conclusion of the administrative review process, as 

implemented pursuant to subsection (A)(3) herein, any person may institute proceedings for 

injunctive relief, declaratory relief, or writ of mandate in any court of competent jurisdiction to 

enforce his or her rights under this ordinance. 

34  (2) A court may award costs and reasonable attorneys' fees to the 

plaintiff in an action brought pursuant to this section where it is found that a local body has 

violated this ordinance. The costs and fees shall be paid by the local body and shall not 

become a personal liability of any public officer or employee of the local body. 

 (3) If the litigation is judged to be frivolous by the court, the defendant 

local body may assert its right to be paid reasonable court costs and attorneys’ fees. 

 (C) Mediation. 

 (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any person whose 

request to inspect or copy public records has been denied by any local body, agency or 

department, may demand immediate mediation of his or her request with the Executive 

Director of the Public Ethics Commission, or some mutually agreed person who agrees to 

volunteer his or her time, serving as mediator. 

 (2) Mediation shall commence no later than 10 days after the request for 

mediation is made, unless the mediator determines the deadline to be impracticable. The 

local body, agency or department shall designate a representative to participate in the 

mediation. Nothing shall prevent the parties from mediating any dispute by telephone. 

 (3) The mediator shall attempt to resolve the dispute to the mutual 

satisfaction of the parties. The mediator's recommendations shall not be binding on any 

party. All statements made during mediation shall not be used or considered for any 

purpose in any subsequent or related proceeding. 

 (D) Cure and Correction. 

 (1) Nothing in this ordinance shall prevent a local body from curing or 

correcting an action challenged on grounds that a local body violated any material provision 

of this Ordinance. A local body shall cure and correct an action by placing the challenged 

35 action on a subsequent meeting agenda for separate determinations of whether to cure and 

correct the challenged action and, if so, whether to affirm or supersede the challenged 

action after first taking any new public testimony. 

 (2) In the event the Public Ethics Commission, upon the conclusion of a 

formal hearing conducted pursuant to its General Complaint Procedures, determines that a 

local body violated any material provision of this ordinance, or took action upon an item for 

which the agenda related material was not timely filed pursuant to Section 2.20.080(H), the 

local body shall agendize for immediate determination whether to correct and cure the 

violation. Any violation shall have no effect on those actions described in Government Code 

Section 54960.1(d)(1) - (4), inclusive. 

 (E) Reports Or Recommendations From Meetings Alleged To Have Been Held In 

Violation Of This Ordinance. 

 If the sole purpose or nature of an action that is challenged for violation of this 

ordinance is to make or convey an advisory report or recommendation to another local 

body, such local body shall not be precluded from hearing or taking action on the item if it is 

within the authority or jurisdiction for said local body to hear or take action on the item in the 

absence of such report or recommendation. 

 (F) Limitation Of Actions 

 No person may file a complaint with the Public Ethics Commission alleging violation 

of the notice provisions of Section 2.20.080 if he or she attended the meeting or had actual 

notice of the item of business at least 72 hours prior to the meeting at which the action was 

taken. No person may file a complaint with the Public Ethics Commission alleging violation 

of the notice provisions of Section 2.20.070 if he or she attended the meeting or had actual 

notice of the item at least 48 hours prior to the meeting at which the action was taken. No 

36 person may file a complaint with the Public Ethics Commission alleging the failure to permit 

the timely inspection or copying of a public record unless he or she has requested and 

participated in mediation as specified in Section 2.20.270(C). 

SECTION 2.20.280 Responsibility for Administration.

 (A) The City Manager shall administer and coordinate the implementation of the 

provisions of this Chapter for all local bodies, agencies and departments under his or her 

authority, responsibility or control. 

 (B) The City Manager shall provide the Public Ethics Commission with staff to 

permit the Public Ethics Commission to fulfill the functions and duties set forth herein. The 

City Attorney shall provide the Public Ethics Commission with legal assistance, to the extent 

such assistance does not constitute a conflict. 

 (C) The Office of the City Clerk shall be responsible for timely posting all agendas 

and shall make available for immediate public inspection and copying all agendas and 

agenda-related material filed with it. The Office of the City Clerk shall retain copies of 

agenda related materials filed with it by local bodies specified in Section 2.20.030(E)(2)(3) 

and (4) for a period of at least sixty (60) days following the meeting for which said agenda 

related materials were submitted. 

SECTION 2.20.290 Severability. 

 The provisions of this Chapter are declared to be separate and severable. The 

invalidity of any clause, sentence, paragraph, subdivision, section or portion of this Chapter, 

or the invalidity of the application thereof to any person or circumstances, shall not affect the 

validity of the remainder of this Chapter, or the validity of its application to other persons or 


SECTION 2.20.300 Effective Date. 

37  The amendments herein shall become effective on May 1, 2003. 

IN COUNCIL, OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA, ________________________ 




NOES- 0 




LaTonda Simmons 





Originally posted on the city website: