John Gill ("J.G.") Lemmon (January 2, 1832 - November 24, 1908) was a Civil War veteran, noted botanist and husband of fellow botanist Sara Plummer Lemmon, and served briefly on city council. He was also a descendant of explorer Henry Hudson. 1
J.G. Lemmon was born in Michigan in 1832. He served in the Civil War and was a prisoner in the infamous Andersonville and Florence. The unit he served in, the Fourth Michigan Cavalry, captured Jefferson Davis in May of 1865, although Mr. Lemmon was by then recuperating from his time as a prisoner of war. 4,5 He came to California in 1866. Lemmon and Sara Plummer met in Santa Barbara in 1876 and were married in 1880. For eight months out of every year, the two worked in the field.
A species of potato plant the Lemmons found in Arizona was named after Mr. Lemmon in 1876. Mr. Lemmon often photographed the plants that Mrs. Lemmon would paint. He was the author of a book "Cone-Bearing Trees of the Pacific Slope" and published in Pittonia.
Physically, he was described as tall and thin with blue eyes and brown hair with a nervous and quick demeanor. 4 When was rescued from Andersonville, he weighed less than 100 pounds, and likely suffered from the psychological effects of war and imprisonment as well, what would be diagnosed as PTSD today. 9 Approximately 13,000 of the 45,000 soldiers imprisoned at Andersonville died.
The Lemmons lived at 5985 (later 5979) Telegraph Avenue, where they developed the Lemmon Herbarium.
Somewhat infamously he was taken out of town by water company interests before an important vote regarding Oakland's water rates. Some of the water people referred to it jokingly as "a polite and dignified kidnaping." 6 Further complicating matters, Lemmon's term expired on March 21st as the legal wrangling continued, and there was disagreement over the newly elected councilmembers, Charles Bon and Robert Boyer, taking their seats. 8
An Oakland Heritage Alliance presentation on John Lemmon by Kelly Agnew and Brad Agnew:
Death and Burial
Lemmon died November 24, 1908. A funeral was held for him under the auspices of the Grand Army of the Republic at the First Unitarian Church. 3 He is buried next to Sara in Mountain View Cemetery, where their grave marker reads "Partners In Botany".
Links and References
- John Gill Lemmon on Wikipedia
- History of the State of California and biographical record to Oakland and environs James Miller Guinn
- Prof. Lemmon Is Chosen Oakland Tribune Feb 12, 1900.
- Botany Their Hobby San Francisco Chronicle, Apr 22, 1894
- John G. Lemmon Dies Suddenly, Oakland Tribune November 25, 1908
- John Gill Lemmon: Andersonville Survivor and California Botanist by Brad Agnew and Kelly Agnew
- Laugh and Say He Was Kidnaped Oakland Tribune March 30, 1901
- Lemmon Takes His Seat In Council Oakland Tribune February 13, 1900
- Their Demand Is Denied Oakland Tribune March 28, 1901
- Local historian, daughter detail Civil War botanist's life Tahlequah Daily Press March 24, 2021